Edinburgh Fringe: The doctors having a laugh about the NHS

- BBC News

Edinburgh Fringe: The doctors having a laugh about the NHS

With regular stories about delays and staffing shortages in the news, it may not seem that theres much to laugh about in the NHS. But a number of doctors are hoping laughter can be the best medicine with their own stand-up comedy shows at this years Edinburgh Fringe.

Humour and absurdity can often spring from unexpected and stressful places, including hospital emergency departments. The connection between medicine and comedy has been established by doctors-turned-comics like Harry Hill, Paul Sinha and Adam Kay.

Here, four medics who have swapped the operating theatre for the comedy theatre in Edinburgh talk about finding the lighter side of working in the NHS, and how being part-time stand-up comedians helps them cope.

Intensive care doctor Stefania Licari remembers a recent case when she had to persuade a patient not to discharge himself.

"He would have died if he had not stayed and received the medication," she says. "I had a long chat with him. And I dont think I managed to convince him until I made a joke. He laughed, and you could see his energy changed. That laughter allowed him to gain trust in me."

The patient stayed, and the ability to break the tension of a hospital with humour - at the appropriate time - has often been a big help, Licari believes.

"The doctors, the nurses, the colleagues and at times the patients - when they were conscious - would just feel better if you were a little bit lighter and making jokes," she says. "I think thats crucial.

"Obviously it needs to be put in context and sometimes its a timing thing, it cant be immediate, but there is always a possibility for some humour."

During the extreme pressures of Covid, she says retaining the ability to have an occasional laugh was just as, if not more, important. "During the pandemic, when we saw all these people die, and then we started having colleagues of our age dying, it felt like we were in this war.

"And having a moment of laughter is like a reminder that there is life, because laughter is so powerful."

Licaris high-spirited Edinburgh show, titled Medico, is a mixture of light-hearted medical material and tales of her love life, often involving hospital colleagues.

Training in comedy and acting has made Licari, from Italy and now working in London, better at listening and communicating when working in a hospital, she says.

"Often doctors actually communicate very poorly. They are very shy, they mumble, they dont project over the chaos.

"Sometimes I get compliments on how I project my voice during cardiac arrests."

When Michael Akadiri isnt working night shifts as a junior doctor in London, hes performing at stand-up comedy clubs. The consequences if the two go badly are very different.

"A bad gig on a comedy stage, they call it death... but no-one actually dies," he says.

Akadiri has been a doctor for six years and a part-time comedian for five.

"With medicine, youre always dealing with people, and human interaction is a natural source for comedy - especially relatable, observational humour, which is where I like to take things," he says.

"Theres always something that happens that could be used for comedy. Im not as cynical as going to work just waiting for material. But things can happen."

His jokes "start from a truth", he adds. But, mindful of patient confidentiality, "I take it so far that it cant be traced back to the truth".

His debut Edinburgh show is called No Scrubs, a reference to the TLC song, the medical clothing - and how differently he is judged when hes in scrubs and when hes not.

"You see someone in scrubs, you assume theyre a doctor," he says. "Youre trusted. People put their lives in your hands. Its seldom that anyone judges me as an individual when they see the scrubs. When you take them off, its [judging the] person first."

Akadiris stand-up routine touches on the pressures of working in a hospital over the past two-and-a-half years.

"In my show, I talk about how the pandemic was for us as NHS staff and hopefully give people insight in how it was working in that environment.

"Not too much, not too heavy. Its always a fine line between trying to give a little message, but also its a comedy show. You want people to be entertained."

Theres a lot of crossover between medicine and stand-up, suggests anaesthetist and stand-up Ed Patrick. Experience of facing live audiences also makes it easier to "read a room" to determine whats really going on in a medical situation, he adds.

"Comedy is all about building up tension and then releasing it. Medicine is full of tension, and you need to have that release because if you had the tension the entire time, you would burn out pretty easily. So thats why we have the classic dark humour in medicine."

As well as doing a work in progress show titled Catch Your Breath at Edinburgh, Patrick recently published a book under the same title, one of a number of medical memoirs to come in the wake of Adam Kays hit This Is Going To Hurt.

He also hosts the Comedians Surgery podcast, and fronted the BBC Radio 2 chat show Infectious Personalities.

He is always on the lookout for material - although not every humorous situation can be used. "There are some things that are funny, but either wouldnt work or wouldnt be appropriate to make a joke about or talk about," he says.

Like his fellow doctor-comics, his show doesnt dwell too much on the more dark and difficult sides of working in frontline healthcare.

"Its something Im looking to try and get across and work out the way to talk about it," he says. "If there was a moment that was funny, I would talk about it."

As it is, the current state of the NHS isnt much of a laughing matter. "Weve got huge backlog of operations. The idea that everything has been caused by the last couple years isnt true," he says.

"This has been going for a while. Ive seen more and more doctors leaving - good doctors either leaving the profession all together or going abroad."

Kwame Asante is also on the lookout for funny moments during his A&E shifts in Birmingham - although he too is careful about which ones make it into his stand-up routine.

"Although I talk a lot about patient stories, its very much making myself the butt of the joke," he explains. "I dont make fun of patients.

"I talk about A&E, the people I meet, I talk about peoples health beliefs, I talk a little bit about how people like to lie to their doctors but the truth always comes out in the end."

Asantes Edinburgh show, titled Living In Sin, is a mixture of those anecdotes and his humorous observations about race and religion.

It is deliberately not too lewd or outrageous, though. "The question I ask myself is, if I had to sit any one of these audience members in a windowless room tomorrow afternoon and break terrible news to them, would I feel comfortable doing that?" he says.

"If Ive been on stage the day before being really crass or crude or graphic, Id probably feel embarrassed to see them again and have to do that."

Asante is now combining comedy and medicine by doing a masters in performing arts medicine. He says the pandemic made clear how important it is to have a way to let off steam.

"I didnt actually realise how much comedy contributed to my coping mechanisms until Covid came and suddenly there was no comedy circuit. At the same time, things ramped up medically.

"So I really thought, wow, its not just getting up and telling jokes, its actually quite a big thing for me."



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